Friday, July 12, 2013

Hans Sebald Beham, A Study Part 3 - Peasant or Working Class (1532-1550, Frankfurt)

It's amazing to me how a simple desire to collect the etchings of one individual ends up directing me down a rather unique research path.  Thus far, I've been able to determine that Hans Sebald Beham liked the Village (or Peasant) Wedding (or Festival) theme.  I have found at least four distinct sets that all portray this theme over the course of his lifetime; a set from 1520-22, more than one that was produced around 1537 and another from 1546-47.  There are likely others, but I haven't determined when they were produced at this present time.  This post contains portions of three of the four sets I've been able to find.  The final set appears to be complete, whereas the first two are far from being so, but I've left space for completing it as time permits.  Not all images represented here are from those sets, but they do represent his artwork while he was living in Frankfurt from 1532.

A Man at Market, looking to right, circa 1532-1550 (No. 256, Loftie)

A Woman at Market, looking to left, circa 1532-1550 (No. 257, Loftie)

Musicians, circa 1532-1550

This musician image has the feel of a Village Wedding set, but I am uncertain to which set it belongs.  Sebald always seems to have musicians playing bagpipes and a coronet/clarinet in each of the Village Wedding sets.  Based on the ground only, this could possibly go into the 1537 set, but the monogram size seems to remove that possibility.  How many of these Wedding sets did he actually produce?

Procession of Newlyweds, 1537
This "Procession of Newlyweds" appears to be from a separate set from the Village Wedding set below (circa 1537), though I will freely admit it's becoming more difficult to tell them apart at this point.

Peasant Brawl, circa 1532-1550
Again, this is a typical representation in his Village Wedding sets, yet at present I cannot determine to which set it belongs.

The Little Festival No 1 - Two men with bagpipes, circa 1537 (No. 237, Loftie)
The Little Festival No 2 - A couple of dancers, circa 1537 (No. 238, Loftie)
The Little Festival No 3 - A couple of dancers, circa 1537 (No. 239, Loftie)
The Little Festival No 4 - A couple, circa 1537 (No. 240, Loftie)
The Little Festival No 5 - A couple, circa 1537 (No. 241, Loftie)
The Little Festival No 6 - A couple, circa 1537 (No. 242, Loftie)
The Little Festival No 7 - A couple, circa 1537 (No. 243, Loftie)

The Little Festival No 8 - A couple, circa 1537 (No. 244, Loftie)

The Little Festival No 9 -  A couple, circa 1537 (No. 245, Loftie)

The Little Festival No 10 - Discovered Lovers, circa 1537 (No. 246, Loftie)

The Little Festival No 11 -  A couple "ICH WILL AVCH MIT", circa 1537 (No. 247, Loftie)
[Another flask appears when I was least expecting it...]

The Little Festival No 12 -  A couple, circa 1537 (No. 98, Loftie)

Weather Peasants, 1542

Weather Peasants, 1542

The most interesting aspect to the "Village Wedding" etchings is the fact that they continue from one image to the next. If you look, the ground from No 1 continues to No 2 and so on through to the end. Thus far it appears as if this series contained 10 images, but as this particular series is sometimes referred to as "Twelve Month" it begs the question, were there originally 12 etchings or are the first 6 etchings considered the months with the final 4 completing the set?  At present, I believe this set is actually complete.

Village Wedding No 1 - January and February, 1546 (No. 154, Loftie)

Village Wedding No 2 - March and April, 1546 (No. 229, Loftie)
This image contains the half-apron with smocked waistline as is common in Germanic artwork as well as a gollar and two different pouch/purse designs.

Village Wedding No 3 - May and June, 1546 (No. 230, Loftie)

Village Wedding No 4 - July and August, 1546 (No. 155, Loftie)

Village Wedding No 5 - September and October, 1546 (No. 231, Loftie)

Village Wedding No 6 - November and December, 1546 (No. 232, Loftie)
Here is a representation of the full apron with a narrow smocked neckline and straps over the shoulders, which is also a common Germanic representation.  And another basket, I love finding those.

Village Wedding No 7, 1546 (No. 156, Loftie)
Another gollar and a pair of musicians playing bagpipes and a clarinet/coronet?  (Not quite sure how to define musical instruments.)

Village Wedding No 8 - Feast, 1546 (No. 233, Loftie)
I enjoy finding feasts in artwork.  It draws the artwork to humanity and everyday living, though I don't suppose they had feasts all the time, but it reminds me of family reunions and other such gatherings.

Village Wedding No 9 - Peasant Brawl, 1547 (No. 161, Loftie)

Village Wedding No 10, 1547 (No. 234, Loftie)

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