Sunday, February 18, 2007


According to History of Shoes, by 1480 the first shoes made right-side out on a last (a mold) were developed in Germany and spread throughout Europe, or in other words, a turn shoe. From what I gather, most sources say that turn shoes didn't start until this time frame, so it makes me wonder about the shoe construction before 1480. This next link on Birka Traders makes me wonder at their construction of a shoe from an earlier period. Though this shoe isn't from the German Renaissance time frame, I figured since I was working on shoes at this time anyway, I'd include it in case I need an earlier time frame pattern later. This next site (Reproducting a Late 14th Century Shoe using Patterns Taken from Extant Examples[1]) is interesting, but the information seems to conflict with other information I've acquired so far. How old is the turn shoe method really? Here is another site on A Burgundian Court Shoe from the early 15th century that also claims the use of a last and turning the shoe inside out. I don't suppose it's overly important for German Renaissance reconstruction when the turn shoe started, considering they were available from everything I've seen so far to the German Renaissance individual, but this aspect bugs me when people can't agree on when a technique actually started.


elfchen said...

Turnshoes are very old.
But the using of a last is an newer invention. I think this is meant.

Around 1500 Shoes are changing from turnshoes to welted shoes.

In this time of changing some shoes are found which would show both of this styles. Some stage betwen

Here an PDF from an finding in Mühlberg.
Its in German but on the right side you see a pattern of the old style (upper) and the new style (below).
In Mühlberg the found both styls.

elfchen said...

I found you an english version of this PDF!

elfchen said...

They are in Terman called Kuhmaul-Schuhe this means Cow mouth shoes.
I think in england they are called bears paws.